Carpathian National Natural Park

Carpathians bear national park

Carpathian National Natural Park (CNNP, www.cnnp.yaremcha.com.ua) was established by the resolution of the Council of Ministers as of June 3, 1980.

Its mission is to preserve the natural complexes typical of Chornohora and Gorgany, as well as to conduct scientific research in environmental protection, to create conditions for recreation and health improvement to promote environmental knowledge and ecological education.

Area

The total area of the park is 50 495 ha. If is situated in the Northeastern part of the Ukrainian Carpathians and occupies the territory at altitudes of 500-2061 m above sea level. The park extension from north to south is 50 km, its width is 20 km. The territory of the park is divided into three geomorphological regions: ridge Chornohora, Vorokhta low-hill terrain and subdued Gorgany.

Forests

Forests of The Nature Reserve Fund of Carpathian Park are divided into twelve environmental Research Departments (ERD), two of which are protected. As with all mountainous regions one can easily trace altitudinal zonality: upper and lower mountain forest zones, as well as subalpine and alpine belts.

There is dense hydrographic network on the park territory. The Prut River is the main waterway. Its length on the park territory is 50 km. It forms numerous rapids and waterfalls in those places where it rises above the surface.

The park is divided into zones: Protected (1.4 thousand ha), Controlled Recreation (25.9 thousand ha), Permanent Recreation (96.2 ha) and Commercial (13 thousand ha).

Mission

Carpathian NNP plays a crucial role in preserving natural and cultural values of the Carpathian region. 600 ha of Spruce and Beech primeval forests are protected here. Within the park there are more than 1100 species of higher vascular plants, among them 70 wood species, and 110 shrub species. The prevailing forest-forming species are Fir spruce, European Pine, European Beech, 95 species are included in the Red Book of Ukraine, in particular: Common Snowdrop, East Carpathian Edelweiss, Crocus Heuffelianus, Alpine Aster etc. Among flora representatives there are relics and endemics (around 60 species) on the territory of the park. These are Rhododendron Myrtifolium, Carpathian Soldanella. Carpathian Bellflower, Northern Twin-flower etc. Four species of plants are included in the European Red List.

Fauna

Fauna on the territory of the park includes 192 species of vertebrata and 723 species of invertebrata, among which there are 53 species of mammals, 19 of which are included in the Red Book of Ukraine. The Carpathians are famous for Red Deer, European Roe Deer and Wild Boar. As for predators there is Brown Bear, Wolf, Fox, Lynx, Marten and Ferret. There are 120 species of birds, 24 of which are included in the Red Book of Ukraine. Among bird fauna of the park there is Capercaillie, Black Grouse, Golden Eagle, Lesser Spotted Eagle, Owl, Long-Tailed Owl. Reptiles are represented by 6 species. Among them are Adder, Grass Snake, Slow Worm, Sand Lizard and Common Lizard. Amphibia are represented by 12 species. Triturus Montandoni, Triturus Alpestris, Spotted Salamander and Yellow- bellied Toad are included in Red Book of Ukraine. In rivers there are Bull Trout, Char. Nase, Barbell etc. Among a large number of Entomofauna, 17 species of insects, which are included in the Red Book of Ukraine, are registered in Carpathian NNP (Stag Beetle, Alpine Rosalia, European Swallowtail, Purple Emperor etc.).

Recreation zones

On the park territory there are footpaths (scientific and educational, ecological and educational, tourist), outdoor enclosures (Wild Boars and Deer are kept there), zones and places for recreation.

For tourists there is an Eco-Tourist Visit-Centre. Also there are bee-farming and objects of the Polonyna kind. For unorganized recreation there are 10 recreation zones and 10 leisure areas which are situated near traffic roads.

Scientific research

At the Research Nursery-Garden, “Pidlisniv” research is conducted on the introduction and acclimatization of valuable ornamental plants, selection work on breeding persistent root forest forming species, phenological and ecological and morphological research of Carpathian flora representatives.

A wide range of coniferous and foliage species of wood are grown here for the purpose of landscaping (ornamental and fruit trees).

Carpathian NNP is a kind of an open-air museum of nature, a unique gallery of scenic beauty, therefore it welcomes all visitors. In order for others to enjoy the beauty, it is necessary to keep It all Intact for those who will visit this place after you.